The Compromise of 1850
The South would not admit California to the union as a free state until the U.S. Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Law: Slavery would not be permitted here, but California citizens had to help slave-owners capture slaves who had escaped in California.
"Great preparations are making for the procession tomorrow in honor of California being admitted as a state; M. Liddell and Dr. Baird went over on a shooting trip to Don Antonio Peralta's for a few days."
–Journal of Thomas Kerr, Monday October 15, 1850.
Corresponding Audio: 205 – On race, 1851