1870 Antonio Peralta House: Native American Land Loss
What's it about?
Between 1775 and 1848, the Spanish arrived in the Bay Area, a land already peopled by Native Americans. The Spanish set out to create a colony, incorporating Native Americans into their cultural and political structure. Native Americans died in great numbers, forced to work in missions, where they were exposed to Old World diseases.
During this period, Luís Peralta received a massive land grant in the East Bay as inland Native groups continued to be decimated and missionized. Antonio Peralta was able to prosper on his father's land grant, taking part in the booming hide and tallow trade. Native Americans, released from the missions by Mexican reforms, were put to work on the Peralta's rancho.
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